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  Craniosynostosis

Craniosynostosis

Immediately after birth, the child's brain experiences an extremely rapid stage of growth and development. The newborn's brain doubles in volume and size by the 9th month and triples by the 36th month. The skull of children consists of several bones, which are interconnected with sutures. The suture is a fibrous septum, which under normal circumstances prevents the bones from growing together. These sutures react to the growth with "spreading" and producing a new bone. This process enables the growth of the skull, together with enlarging the size of the brain.

 

Craniosynostosis is a term referring to a premature concrescence of these sutures, occurring within the first weeks and months after birth. Due to the fact that the brain keeps growing rapidly, it finds the path of least resistance and finally results in changes in the shape of the brain and skull. Every prematurely closed suture leads to certain abnormalities in the shape of the head.